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Volume 2 Number 3
My Rotary Friends and Friends of Rotary.
What a start to the year! Dreadful flooding in Queensland and in parts of
New South Wales and Victoria, Cyclone Yasi in North Queensland, and the
bushfires in Western Australia. On behalf of everyone involved with Rotarians Against Malaria, I hope nobody receiving this Newsletter was affected, or had anyone belonging to them affected. Rotarians, like all Australians in times of major disasters, dig deep to assist. The unprecedented scale of these disasters, and the number of appeals being conducted, including from some Australian Rotary Districts, will impact on our Adopt A Village
program. In the short term, the level of our donations will be affected. I feel, and am sure you’ll agree, that we have to live with this. We will continue to do what we do now to raise funds for, and create awareness of, our Adopt A Village
program, but may have to accept some disappointment. So be it! Malaria Awareness Day will be recognized by Australian Rotarians on 30 April 2011. Some notes on the history of World Malaria Day and our Malaria Awareness Day follow. Australia, and in fact, the world, lost an eminent scientist with the death of Emeritus Professor Frank Fenner in November. I’ve included some notes on the late Professor Fenner extracted from a variety of sources, but mainly a recent edition of the ANU Reporter
. The majority who will read this Newsletter are well aware of the ravages of malaria. An example of how we can never afford to become complacent was reported in a recent issue of the Pacific Malaria Initiative Support Centre’s This week in malaria
. The author of the article, which follows below, refers to the resistance of the malaria parasite to the drug chloroquine. The last issue of RAM Newsletter included an item about the Australian National University’s Dr Rowena Martin and her award of the L’Oréal Australia for Women in Science Fellowships for 2010. The last issue of the ANU Reporter contains an article about Dr Martin’s research. In some words from this article she is “… aiming to reinvent chloroquine as a back-up for artemisinin.” If you would like to hear Dr Martin speak go to – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Eo3J5IXHcc PDG Peter Thomas, one of our Solomon Islands specialists, has provided a most interesting update on what’s happening in that country. It’s very heartening to read his report. Very soon I’ll be sending out information about Malaria Awareness Day Community Service Announcements. Look out for that. Ian Sayers Chairman
World Malaria Day 2011
The 31 January 2011 edition of Roll Back Malaria’s newsletter, Malaria in the News
following press release. Everyone will be aware that, in deference to the significance of 25 April,
ANZAC Day, in Australia, the National Rotarians Against Malaria Committee decided to recognise World
Malaria Day on 30 April. We also decided to call it Malaria Awareness Day
. The press release is
reproduced verbatim as it gives some background to World Malaria Day. ''Achieving Progress and Impact''
Theme for World Malaria Day 2011
World Malaria Day was instituted by the World Health Assembly (WHA) at its 60th session n 2007. The
day is commemorated every year on April 25 to create awareness about an ancient disease and the
devastating impact it has on the lives of more than 3 billion people – half of humanity.
World Malaria Day is an opportunity for the global development and health communities to intensify their
efforts in providing access to affordable, safe and effective anti-malarial combination treatments
worldwide, as well as protective insecticide treated nets and other preventive measures .
The commemoration of the fourth World Malaria Day – WMD 2011
– marks a critical moment in time. At
this stage, the Abuja Malaria Targets adopted in April 2000 should have been reached and Universal
Coverage with all malaria interventions attained. WMD 2011 is the year in which significant progress is
being assessed towards achieving near zero deaths by 2015.
In 2010 the global Roll Back Malaria Partnership focused on capturing the results of its collective efforts.
Over the past twelve months, five reports have been published which document the progress made in
global malaria control and the impact that has been achieved in terms of coverage and lives saved. This
series of reports, entitled "RBM Progress & Impact" will continue through to the end of 2011 when new
data will be made available.
In keeping with this consolidated effort by the global malaria community to highlight the reported
successes and the remaining challenges in malaria control today, and to maximize the impact of
substantial investments for this preventable and treatable disease, RBM Partners have determined the
following theme for WMD 2011: ''Achieving
Partners are encouraged to adopt and promulgate this theme in their respective advocacy activities, and to combine it with slogans which reflect the many areas of progress as well as the continuing challenges that still confront malaria endemic countries.
Vale: Emeritus Professor Frank Fenner
Emeritus Professor Frank Fenner AC, CMG, MBE, FRS, FAA, died
on 22 November 2010. As was stated in a tribute to him published
in the latest ANU Reporter his death marked the final chapter in a
Professor Fenner, a really great scientist, environmentalist and
humanist, played significant roles in malaria prevention, announced
the end of smallpox and tackled a rabbit plague. I’m sure that most
Australians who knew of Professor Fenner, remember him for the
on myxomatosis. Few would not have heard how he
with the myxomatosis virus to refute perceptions that the virus was
Picture courtesy ANU Reporter Born in Ballarat, Victoria, but educated in Adelaide, South Australia, Frank Fenner studied geology and botany concurrently with medicine at Adelaide University. Graduating in 1938, he went on to study tropical medicine at the University of Sydney. At the outbreak of World War 2 he enlisted in the AIF, serving in the Middle East, New Guinea and Borneo. Shortly after a posting to Palestine, he erected a dressing station in a poor location and, in his words, was "transferred out of the field ambulance to corps headquarters because they thought that was probably a safer place for me". His Army service was predominantly as a malariologist, reflecting his completion of the tropical medicine course at the University of Sydney before enlisting. Returning from the Middle East, he was given responsibility for treating malaria in servicemen returning from Papua New Guinea. The hospital's transfusion sister, Bobbie Roberts, was reassigned to assist Frank Fenner. Days before going to Papua, Frank Fenner married her, beginning a 50-year partnership that lasted until Bobbie's death in 1995. His malaria achievements, and success in reducing the casualty rate among the troops, recognised by an MBE in 1944, aroused his interest in infectious-disease research, leading to an appointment at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute in Melbourne in 1946. And the rest, as is said, is history. A great man and a great scientist who will be sadly missed
Malaria Outbreak in Remote PNG District
The following article that appeared in the Papua New Guinea Post Courier On-Line
was flagged by the
Pacific Malaria Initiative Support Centre’s This week in malaria
sent 2 Feb. It’s a very timely reminder
how critical it is for us to never get complacent. The article is reproduced as published. Malaria destroys Karamui district
By Johnny Poiya
The bulk of drug supplies for the malaria outbreak in Karamui area, which has already claimed over 20
lives will be flown in today.
Provincial health officers from Kundiawa were deployed into the remote district together with the first
batch of drugs on a chartered aircraft on Wednesday, followed by local MP Posi Menai on Saturday. District administrator Joe Nopro yesterday said the whole of Karamui was under attacked by the outbreak. “We are still waiting for the latest news from our officers on the ground as the area is so remote with no communication link. From the little information we get, the drugs sent in from the government stores has already run out.” he said. He said the Joint District Planning and Budget Priority Committee held a crisis meeting last week and made available K68,000 for aircraft charter and purchase of more drugs to reach out to all the households. Mr Nopro said: “We already bought K38,000 worth of malarial drugs and will be flown in tomorrow (today). These drugs will be distributed throughout the whole of Karamui. To do that, the aircraft will have to fly to all the seven remote airstrips.” The affected areas are Aiya on the foot of Mt Carter on the Eastern Highlands, Gulf and Chimbu provincial border, Noru near Pangia on the Southern Highlands border, Bomai near the Western Highlands border, Kiribari, Meosorida, Negapo and Wosimaru. “Because of the remoteness of the district, news of the outbreak reached authorities about a week later. But the response was swift with drugs from the government stores flown in quickly and more drugs purchased by the district administration will be flown in on Monday (today).” Mr Nopro said. “This is a big crisis for my people and I have to be there to see them receive their drugs and provide further help wherever necessary.” Mr Menai said. The Chimbu Provincial Emergency and Disaster office have reported the outbreak and are expected to meet with people from the National Planning Office this week. A malaria training conducted for journalists last week in Port Moresby by the Population Services International revealed that chloroquine, the main drug used in fighting malaria in PNG, has developed resistance to the disease in the mid 1980s. A new drug, the first-line anti-malarial used in the world today, artemether-lumefanrine (artemisini-based combination therapy) to be known locally as Mala-1 will be brought into PNG and be in use by April this year. Global warming is one factor contributing to the higher altitude parts of PNG being susceptible to malaria. In a weeklong training by the National Agriculture Research Institute in Mt Hagen last year, Dr A. Ramakrishna said: “Warmer temperatures are also causing increase of malaria and experts are now predicting that epidemic malaria will be prevalent in the PNG highlands by 2030.”
SOLOMON ISLANDS UPDATE
It has been a wet and windy “wet season”. Heavy rain across all islands, leaving large areas of swampy ground providing ideal breeding sites for the dreaded mosquito. The storms continue. Albino Bobogare, the Director of the Vector Borne Disease Control Program, reports that the distribution of long life insecticide treated bed nets has progressed very well, with more that 200,000 nets now in use in villages right across the country. Distribution continues as weather conditions allow. Careful monitoring by malaria workers is providing vital information allowing intensive spraying of buildings in “hot spot” areas showing high incidents of malaria
Many villages have formed environmental committees to
encourage people to clean up mosquito breeding areas.
RAM has supplied tools (shovels, wheelbarrows, picks etc)
to many of these committees. Donations from Clubs and
individuals are providing the funds so vital to make this
Cleaning up in parts of the city of Honiara is not so easy.
Urban communities are not so willing to come together and
do the hard physical work needed to make a difference.
RAM has made available, to the Honiara City Council
safest lavacide that will provide a protective barrier in
water sources around the city. Again, generous donations
Environment Committee at Maravovo Village
from Rotary Clubs have allowed RAM to assist.
on the Guadalcanal plains just east of Honiara.,
as part of the Healthy Village Program."
It is usual to see a spike in number of detected malaria cases at this time of the year, BUT the good
news is that it hasn’t happened this year so far. The use of bednets, intensive spray programs, and
village clean up is paying dividends. RAM has, and continues to play a vital role in this rewarding project. It isn’t all good news. The Ministry of Health continues to have issues in obtaining suitable land in Honiara for the erection of staff housing. RAM arranged for the delivery of five kit houses (funded by AusAID) to Honiara at the request of the Ministry of Health. The kits remain in storage in Honiara. Teams of volunteers from many RAWCS Regions have indicated they will assist with the erection of the houses as soon as the land problems can be resolved. It is very likely that the houses will be reallocated to provincial locations if the Honiara situation continues. Frustrating, but not something we can do much about. RAWCS Coordinators will be kept informed. Update provided by PDG Peter Thomas Did you know:
Britain’s Charles II died of malaria in 1685
Reserve the Date.
2011 RAM National Conference
Weekend 14-15 May 2011
Columban’s Catholic Secondary
We acknowledge and sincerely thank Vestergaard Frandsen
for their most generous financial
support of Malaria Awareness Day 2010.
Vestergaard Frandsen philosophy includes the development of innovative products that prevent the
transmission of waterborne and vector-borne diseases in developing countries. They are especially
interested in addressing a class of diseases called the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD), which
kill many of the most vulnerable people on earth.
Turning commitment into action, amongst the products they have developed is PermaNet – a Long
Lasting Insecticide Treated Mosquito Net.
This newsletter has been produced by PDG Ian Sayers, Chairman RAM Committee (Australia),
Contributions and comments are welcome.
Acta Orthop. Belg. , 2005, 71 , 29-35 Anastomosis between the median and ulnar nerve in the forearm An anatomic study and literature review Konstantin J. KAZAKOS, Anastasios SMYRNIS, Konstantin C. XARCHAS, Alexandra DIMITRAKOPOULOU, From the Orthopaedic Department, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece Anastomosis between the median and ulnar nerve in and finally
 B Brown, M E Dewey, and A P Day. An objective automated method for digitising pictorialmaterial for computer manipulation. Behavior Research Methods and Instrumentation, 8:378–381,1976.  M E Dewey, G M Stephenson, and A C Thomas. Organisational unit size and individual attitudes. Sociological Review, 26:125–137, 1978.  D R Rutter, G M Stephenson, and M E Dewey. Visual communicati