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SCHEME FOR MOBILE LEGAL SERVICES-CUM-
LOK ADALAT IN MAHARASHTRA
v OBJECT :
The Legal Aid is an essential part of the administration of justice. The goal is
to secure justice for the weaker and downtrodden sections of the Society. The de-
mocracy has no meaning for the citizens unless they are able to secure their basic
rights namely Education, Employment and right to live life of dignity and self re-
spect. The Maharashtra State Legal Services Authority has committed to effectively
protect and safeguard the rights of all the citizens particularly, weaker and under-
The ignorance of rights and remedies have always been a great hurdle to the
successful implementation of any legislation, welfare schemes, etc. Therefore, it is
an obligation for Legal Services Authorities to accelerate its efforts to increase aware-
ness among the people. Indeed, under the innovative and valuable guidance of
Hon’ble Shri Justice Swatanter Kumar, Chief Justice of Bombay High Court, Patron
in Chief of MSLSA and Hon’ble Shri Justice J. N. Patel, Judge, Bombay High Court,
Executive Chairman, the MSLSA have undertaken laudable efforts to empower the
poor and weaker sections of the Society so as to enable them to derive full benefits
Everyday new social legislations are being enacted in addition to several
welfare schemes such as, a) National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, b) Mainte-
nance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizen Act, 2007 c) The Unrecognized
Workers’ Social Security Act, d) Domestic Violence Act e) Consumer Protection
Laws f) The Pre-conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of
Sex-Selection) Act etc. Generally all these Acts provide major benefits for the vulner-
able but all these rights and benefits will have little impact since the people lack
legal information and advice, especially in rustic areas.
A large section of our Society has no knowledge about their rights due to
illiteracy and it is therefore imperative to make them aware about their rights and
remedies by providing legal services to all such needy people at their door-steps. It
is an idea of introducing Mobile Van for Legal Literacy and Lok Adalat that in case,
poor, needy and marginal sections of the Society realizing difficulties to approach
the Legal Services Authorities for legal help, the Legal Authority would approach
them at their door-steps. There are also people suffering from some kind of inhibi-
tion in approaching the Legal Services Centres at the District and Taluka Places.
Therefore the scheme of ‘Mobile Legal Services – Cum- Lok Adalat, is proposed to
be launched with trained and experienced Judicial Officers, Social activists who
will visit every nook and corner of the villages and more particularly, remote tribal
areas, villages and hamlets of tribals and rustic children, slum areas, industrial ar-
eas, etc. to impart legal awareness among the women, S.C., S.T., labourers, economi-
cally weaker sections of the Society, etc. and also to organize Lok Adalats to resolve
disputes amicably and instantly. The Mobile Van shall visit to various Police
Stations, Jails, remand homes/shelter homes etc. in the area to ensure that there is
no violation of Human Rights and to address the problems of inmates for access to
The Team of the mobile van comprising of Judicial Officers (retired or serv-
ing), Lawyers, Social Activists, NGOs, Law Students and Law Teachers, will visit
villages, slum areas, remote, tribal and rustic areas, etc. on fixed date or intermit-
tently as per the schedule of the programme to be prepared by the concerned DLSA.
This team would:
Create awareness on new Laws through written and visual materials in the
Counsel and advice those coming to the Camp with particular problem.
Resolve the disputes amicably through compromise and settlement between
Provide information about legal services and legal aid, if people want to file a
Definitely, it would be an important step towards legal empowerment of il-
literate villagers and specially poor, women, children, downtrodden sections of the
v FACILITIES AVAILABLE WITH MOBILE VAN
The vehicle would be used as a Mobile Lok Adalat-cum-Legal Awareness Van pro-
viding requisite inbuilt infrastructure for holding mobile court, Lok Adalats as well
as Legal Awareness Camps, etc. The infrastructure is proposed to be provided as
Two numbers sliding platform, sliding below the floor on left hand side. The
entrance door with two numbers benches and chairs foldable type.
Court compartment with three numbers, comfortable chair with handrest for
Judges on raised floor. One seat besides Judge for Clerk and table for Judge.
Room for Presiding Officer with sofa and center table.
Sitting facility for stenographer-cum-Computer Operator and sitting arrange-
File cabinet in the room of Presiding Officer.
File cabinet in full length in Court room.
DVD player, Cassette Player with T.V. having swing bracket.
Internal and external Public address system.
Painting of vehicle from exterior with emblems, name of the Institute, Author-
v ROUTE OF MOBILE VAN
The Maharashtra State Legal Services Authority, Mumbai, in consultation with
the concerned DLSAs, shall work out the route for organization of various
programmes. The complete Plan of Action for next six months will be prepared in
advance so as to avoid any sort of inconvenience in organizing the programme in
that particular District. The route of the Mobile Van and the Districts falling en-
route shall be informed in advance with tentative dates as to when the Mobile Ve-
hicle would be available in each District. This will afford opportunity to Chairman,
DLSA to arrange, in consultation with local administration, the places where the
Mobile Lok Adalat would be holding Court and Legal Awareness Camps. It will be
the responsibility of the concerned PDJ, to arrange for records of the cases to be sent
to the Mobile Lok Adalat, to determine the nature of the cases to be assigned to the
Mobile Lok Adalat, which may vary from Mutation and Jamabandi cases to petty
compoundable criminal cases, Civil Cases, Bank Loan Cases and may be pre-litigative
or instituted cases. The copy of the movement programme of the mobile vehicle
would be made available with the Mobile Van, so also with the concerned Princi-
After preparation of the schedule of programme, the same should be in-
formed to the concerned District Legal Services Authority, Taluka Legal Services
Committee and also, to Grampanchayat of the village with request to display the
notice about the programmes on notice board. The District Legal Services Author-
ity, Taluka Legal Services Committee shall also inform the dates, places and ex-
pected time of arrival of the Mobile Van to the concerned Grampanchayat and near-
est police station for requisite action, which would facilitate the people of the Local-
ity to know about the programme and get legal Aid, Legal advice and information
about their constitutional Rights, benefits, privileges guaranteed by social welfare
legislations and other enactments as well as administrative programmes.
v PLACE OF HALT OF MOBILE VAN :
The place of the halt of vehicle should be selected as per convenience of the people and
particularly at weekly bazaar day, Fairs, Melas, Urus, etc. at the following places :-
(i) Market place (ii) School (iii) Grampanchayat Office (iv) any other suitable place
v CUSTODIAN OF THE MOBILE VAN
The mobile Vehicle should be kept in the custody of the Maharashtra State
Legal Services Authority, Mumbai. However, during tour programme the tempo-
rary custody shall be of Chairperson of the DLSA where the programmes for that
particular period are proposed to be organized. This custody, however, will be
subject to supervision of Hon’ble Guardian Judge of that particular District.
l Second custodian of Mobile Van
As per scheduled programme Maharashtra State Legal Services Authority,
Mumbai shall deliver the custody of mobile Vehicle to the Chairman, District Legal
Services Authority of concerned district, and from that time the Chairman, District
Legal Services Authority will be the custodian of the Mobile Vehicle.
v RECURRING EXPENSES:
The Recurring expenses of mobile van i.e. Diesel, Oil, repairing charges, etc.
should be borne by District Legal Services Authority in whose custody, the mobile
van is given for a particular period out of the funds provided by the State Author-
ity. The State Authority shall make provision for enhancement of grants in its bud-
get to be submitted to the State Government. The salary of the driver shall be paid
by Mumbai DLSA out of salary grants allocated to it by State Authority .
The TA/DA and honorarium of Members of the Mobile Lok Adalat shall be
paid by DLSA for organization of the programmes in that particular District as per
the schedule of the programme. This amount shall be defrayed from the grants
available under PPSS head respectively.
v USE OF MOBILE VAN
To organise Legal Literacy camps in every nook and corner of the Districts and
more particularly in rural, tribal and rustic, remote areas through the team of
To organise Lok Adalat with the co-ordination of DLSA and Taluka Legal Ser-
Exhibition of Legal Literacy posters, display of short films relating to Lok Adalat
and other activities of the Authority etc.
To visit various Police Stations, Jails, remand/shelter homes to ensure that
there is no violation of legal and human rights and to address the problems
about inaction on the part of the Authorities. Spread legal awareness of rights
v PUBLICITY AND ADVERTISEMENT OF THE PROGRAMME
The Maharashtra State Legal Services Authority shall intimate well in ad-
vance the Scheduled Programme and route chart of the Mobile Vehicle to the Chair-
man of the concerned DLSA mentioning the date, time and place of the visit of the
said Mobile vehicle in a particular District which would enable the concerned DLSA
to make preparation and gear up for the scheduled programme and legal literacy
camps or Lok Adalats, etc. The concerned DLSA shall also make public by display-
ing notice for advertisement of the scheduled programme of the mobile vehicle well
in advance in the area of its visit and also make necessary arrangement for provid-
ing security to the vehicle and the team unit, through police machinery of the area
concerned. The requisite information would also be given to the concerned BDO,
Surpanch, Tahsildar, etc. well in advance about the scheduled programme of the
mobile vehicle with a request for advertisement of the programme of mobile ve-
hicle in their areas which would facilitate the residents of the area concerned to
avail the benefits of the mobile unit. The programme can be arranged at any public
place/office, school or at any other convenient place, etc.
v TEAM MEMBERS OF MOBILE VAN :
Retired or Serving Judicial officer.
As far as possible a person of repute from the locality having good command
over the community people may be selected to preside over the function so
that maximum people in the locality should take advantage of Lok Adalat/
Legal Literacy Camps and would actively participate in the programme ar-
v HONORARIUM AND DAILY ALLOWANCES OF TEAM MEMBERS OF
The expenses towards honorarium and daily allowances payable to the team
members of the Mobile Vehicle shall be defrayed from the grants allocated to the
Honorarium – (per day)
Daily Allowance of Staff
At the halt point of mobile van, there may be arrangement of exhibition on the
legal awareness of various Laws with the help of following materials :-
Posters on various Acts and schemes.
Booklets, Pamphlets and leaflets on various Acts and Schemes
Chart explaining the vital provisions of various Acts and Schemes.
Pictures depicting and explaining the provisions of various Acts and Schemes.
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0300-7995 Vol. 22, No. , 2006, 731–737 doi:10.1185/030079906X100096 All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permittedrecommendationsIvor Cavill a, Michael Auerbach b, George R. Bailie c, Peter Barrett-Lee d, Yves Beguin e, Peter Kaltwasser f, Tim Littlewood g, Iain C Macdougall h and Keith Wilson i a Medical School, Cardiff University, UKb Georgetown University