No está claro cuán grande es el papel de los antibióticos https://antibioticos-wiki.es en las relaciones competitivas entre los microorganismos en condiciones naturales. Zelman Waxman creía que este papel era mínimo, los antibióticos no se forman sino en culturas limpias en entornos ricos. Posteriormente, sin embargo, se descubrió que en muchos productos, la actividad de síntesis de antibióticos aumenta en presencia de otros tipos o productos específicos de su metabolismo.
Marco tronchetti provera
MARCO TRONCHETTI PROVERA
Born in Milan in 1948.
In the early 1970s he began to work in the family business, focusing in particular on the
development of activities related to maritime transport.
In 1986 he joined the Pirelli Group, a world leader in the production of tyres and energy and
telecommunications infrastructure. In 1992 he took over responsibility for operations. At
present he is chairman of Pirelli & C. S.p.A. and its affiliate Olimpia S.p.A., the largest
shareholder of Telecom Italia S.p.A.
Since 2001 he has led the Telecom Italia Group as chairman of the Board of Directors of
Telecom Italia S.p.A.
He is chairman of Camfin (a holding company that has investments in oil and technology
sectors and is the largest shareholder of Pirelli & C. S.p.A.) and of Pirelli & C. Real
He is also chairman of Gpi - Gruppo Partecipazioni Industriali S.p.A. and Marco Tronchetti
He is chairman of the Silvio Tronchetti Provera Foundation, whose objective is to promote
scientific and technological research in Italy, deputy chairman of Confindustria and Italian
chairman of the Council for Relations between Italy and the United States; he is also a member
of the European Round Table of Industrialists and the Italian Group of the Trilateral
He is a member of the Executive Committee of Assonime (the Association for Italy’s Limited
Liability Companies), the New York Stock Exchange European Advisory Committee, the
International Advisory Board of Allianz and the International Council of J.P. Morgan.
He is on the board of directors of the Teatro alla Scala Foundation and Bocconi University in
Born in Treviso in 1941.
In 1965 Gilberto Benetton, together with his sister Giuliana and brothers Luciano and Carlo,
launched the Benetton Group, a world leader in the clothing industry that is present today in
some 120 countries.
He is chairman of Edizione Holding S.p.A. (where he is in charge of all the company’s
financial and property investment activities), chairman of Autogrill S.p.A. and a director of
Benetton Group S.p.A., which is listed on the Milan, Frankfurt and New York stock
In addition, he is a director of Autostrade S.p.A., Mediobanca S.p.A., Pirelli & C. S.p.A.,
Banca Antonveneta S.p.A., Beni Stabili S.p.A., Lloyd Adriatico S.p.A., Schemaventotto S.p.A.
and Abertis Infrastructuras S.A.
He is deputy chairman of Olimpia S.p.A., the principal shareholder of Telecom Italia S.p.A., of
which he is also deputy chairman.
A passionate sportsman, Gilberto Benetton has promoted the Benetton Group’s sponsorship of
rugby, basketball and volleyball. He was also a driving force in the creation of the La Ghirarda
sports complex in Treviso.
CARLO ORAZIO BUORA
Born in Milan in 1946.
He began working in the financial field at the BNL Group.
Afterwards he became head of Finance and Administration at Merloni Finanziaria and chief
financial officer at Snia Viscosa. In 1984, following Fiat’s purchase of that company, he joined
the Fiat Group.
In 1989 he was appointed deputy general manager of Telettra and subsequently general
manager of the Benetton Group, a position he held until 1991.
In November 1991 he joined the Pirelli Group as central manager for finance and
administration. In 1992 he was appointed general manager.
In 1999 he became a general partner of Pirelli & C. S.a.p.a. and in 2001 was appointed
managing director of Pirelli & C. S.p.A.
In the same year he was appointed Chief Executive Officer of Telecom Italia and Chairman of
Mr. Buora is also a director of Olimpia S.p.A., Pirelli & C. Real Estate S.p.A., RCS
Mediagroup S.p.A., Mediobanca (where he is a member of the Executive Committee) and
Since January 2004 he has been deputy chairman of F.C. Internazionale S.p.A.
Born in Naples in 1960.
He began his career in 1986 as sales manager of Fininvest S.p.A.
During the three years 1988-1990 he was sales and marketing manager of the Italian branch of
In 1990 he joined the Olivetti Group, where he held various positions: in 1992 he was
appointed vice president of Organizzazione Oliservice, with responsibility for international
clients and the commercial development of telecommunications services worldwide, and in
1994 of Olivetti Telemedia, with responsibility for commercial development and market
In 1996 he was appointed managing director of Infostrada S.p.A. (with responsibility for
market, infrastructure and personnel functions). He was later also appointed managing director
of Italia On Line.
In July 2001 he joined the Telecom Italia Group as head of the Telecom France Business Unit.
In October 2001 he was appointed head of the Telecom Italia Group’s Wireline Business Unit.
In May 2002 he became general manager of Telecom Italia S.p.A. and was appointed
managing director on 5 September 2002.
Born in Vo’ (Padua) in 1943.
After an initial period of academic life at the Ca’ Foscari University in Venice as assistant
lecturer in Political Economy, he joined KPMG as an auditor, working out of Rome and
In 1973 he joined McQuay Europa as a controller.
In 1974 he moved to Gepi S.p.A., where he was appointed deputy general manager in 1980.
From 1983 to 1985 he was managing director of Fintermica S.p.A. and then became chief
financial officer of Marzotto S.p.A.
In 1986 he was appointed managing director of Edizione Holding S.p.A.
Mr. Mion is a director of Benetton Group, Autogrill, 21 Investimenti, Autostrade, Sagat, Banca
Antonveneta, Olimpia, Telecom Italia, Tim (where he was appointed Deputy Chairman in
2002) and Telecom Italia Media.
Born in Chiesanuova (Verona) in 1945.
He is a general partner of Angelo Moratti di Giancarlo e Massimo Moratti & C. S.a.p.a.
In 1972 he became a director of SARAS S.p.A. Raffinerie Sarde, where he was appointed
managing director in 1981.
Mr. Moratti is also a director of Sarint S.A., Interbanca S.p.A., Pirelli & C. S.p.A. and Telecom
Born in Milan in 1957.
Registered auditor, in 1981 he joined Mediobanca - Banca di Credito Finanziario S.p.A., where
he has held positions of increasing responsibility.
In April 2003 he was appointed co-general manager and secretary to the board of directors of
Mr. Pagliaro is a director and member of the Executive Committee of RCS Mediagroup S.p.A.
and Compass S.p.A.
He is also a director of Ferrari S.p.A., SelmaBipiemme Leasing S.p.A. and Cofactor S.p.A.
Since 1993 he has been a member of the board of auditors of Istituto Europeo di
CARLO ALESSANDRO PURI NEGRI
Born in Genoa in 1952.
In 1975-77 he worked as a producer for the Venice Biennale.
Subsequently, and until 1987, he held various positions in the L’Espresso and Mondadori
groups (television, marketing and advertising).
In 1988 he became a director of Carignano S.p.A. (real estate) and in 1989 was appointed to
the board of directors of Milano Centrale Immobiliare S.p.A. (now Pirelli & C. Real Estate
S.p.A.), of which he became managing director in 1991 and deputy chairman and managing
director in 1992.
In 1999 he became a general partner and general manager of Pirelli & C. S.a.p.a.
At present he is deputy chairman of Camfin S.p.A. and Pirelli & C. S.p.A., deputy chairman
and managing director of Pirelli & C. Real Estate S.p.A., chairman of Pirelli & C. Ambiente
S.p.A. and a director of Olimpia S.p.A. and Telecom Italia S.p.A.
He is also a director and member of the Executive Committee of Capitalia S.p.A. and a director
of Permasteelisa S.p.A.
He is a member of the Real Estate International Advisory Board of Harvard University.
He is a director of Istituto Europeo di Oncologia S.r.l.
Born in Milan in 1939.
In 1967 he began doing economic research at the Associazione per lo sviluppo dell'industria
nel Mezzogiorno (Svimez) in Rome.
In 1979 he became a director of Istituto per il Credito alle Imprese di Pubblica Utilità (ICIPU)
and then deputy chairman.
From 1980 to 1992 he was chairman of ICIPU and Consorzio di Credito per le Opere
Pubbliche (CREDIOP) and deputy chairman of Nuovo Banco Ambrosiano (later Banco
Ambrosiano Veneto) and the Italian Bankers’ Association (ABI). In addition to being a
director of various companies, he was chairman of the Centro Beneduce per gli Studi in Campo
Bancario e Assicurativo.
In 1993 he became Minister for Privatizations with responsibility for the reorganization of the
system of state holdings. In 1993-94 he was Minister for Foreign Trade and Minister for
Industry ad interim.
In 1995-96 he was Minister for Public Works and Minister for the Environment.
From 1997 to 2000 he was chairman of Bankers’ Trust S.p.A. and from 1998 to 2000 chairman
of the Venice Biennale.
He is a member of the Società Italiana degli Economisti and at present is chairman of the
Comitato Venezia Internazionale, the Centro per la Proprietà Intellettuale di Venezia and the
Fondazione Lorenzo Valla; he is a director of Banca Finmat Euroamerica, Svimez-Roma, the
Fondo per l’Ambiente Italiano (FAI) and the Istituto per gli Studi Storici in Naples.
Mr. Baratta satisfies the conditions laid down in Telecom Italia’s Self-Regulatory Code to
qualify as independent.
Born in London in 1937.
He joined Price Waterhouse & Co. in 1964 as a chartered accountant.
In 1965-66 he worked for ICI in the Overseas Treasurer’s Department.
In 1966 he moved to SGWarburg & Co., where he was concerned with mergers and
acquisitions, IPOs and bond issues. He was made a director in 1971 and deputy chairman in
1990. During the 1990s he worked on developing the company’s business in continental
Europe, with specific responsibility for Italy.
Following the acquisition of SGWarburg by Swiss Bank Corporation, he was managing
director of SBC Warburg until he retired in 1997. He continued to act as a consultant for UBS
Warburg until 2003.
At present he is a non-executive director of The Federation of British Artists, The Paul Hamlyn
Foundation, Invesco Continental Smaller Companies Trust PLC, Prospect Publishing Ltd. and
the London String Quartet Foundation.
Mr. Boas satisfies the conditions laid down in Telecom Italia’s Self-Regulatory Code to qualify
DOMENICO DE SOLE
Born in Rome in 1944.
In 1970 he moved to the United States, where he became a partner of the law firm Patton,
Boggs & Blow.
In 1984 he joined Gucci as chief executive officer of Gucci America Inc. In 1995 he became
head of operations for the entire Gucci Group as president and chief executive officer of Gucci
Group NV (term of office: end of April 2004).
In this period Gucci Group was listed on the New York and Amsterdam stock exchanges
(1995), beat off a hostile takeover bid (1999), acquired Yves Saint Laurent, Sanofi Beauté and
Sergio Rossi in 1999, Boucheron, Alexander McQueen and Bedat & C° in 2000 and Bottega
Veneta, Stella McCartney and Balenciaga in 2001.
Mr. De Sole is on the boards of Procter & Gamble (member of Audit and Governance and
Nominating Committees) and Bausch & Lomb (member of Audit and Management
He is a member of the Advisory Board of the Harvard Law School.
Mr. De Sole satisfies the conditions laid down in Telecom Italia’s Self-Regulatory Code to
qualify as independent.
Born in Ancona in 1929.
He spent the whole of his working life with Banca Commerciale Italiana, which he joined in
1947 as a clerk. He was subsequently promoted to branch manager, regional branch manager,
central manager and in 1990 he was appointed managing director.
He was appointed deputy chairman and managing director in 1994 and chairman in 1997.
In 1999 he was made honorary chairman of the bank, a position he gave up in June of the same
During his career he held positions in a long list of companies and organizations.
At present he is chairman of Patrimonio Immobiliare dello Stato S.p.A. and a director of
Monrif S.p.A., Poligrafici Editoriale S.p.A., Cassa Depositi e Prestiti and Telecom Italia S.p.A.
Mr. Fausti satisfies the conditions laid down in Telecom Italia’s Self-Regulatory Code to
qualify as independent.
Born in Milan in 1941.
Professor at the University of Modena from 1972 to 1984, then at the University of Bologna
until 2001; at present he teaches at Bocconi University. He has been a Visiting Professor at the
University College of North Wales and Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island.
From 1995 to 1998 he was a Consob Commissioner and in this capacity he was a member of
the Draghi Committee for the reform of company law and of the Euro Committee. He also
participated in the work of the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO).
He was also a member of the Preda Committee, which drew up the Code of Conduct for listed
companies in 2000 and the updated version of 2002.
He is a member of the Società Italiana degli Economisti, the Scientific Committee of the Ente
per gli Studi Monetari, Bancari e Finanziari Luigi Einaudi, and Prometeia - Associazione per le
Previsione Econometriche. He is also on the editorial board of several specialized reviews.
During his career he has been a director of various financial institutions.
At present he is a member of the Council of the Consiglio Nazionale dell'Economia e del
Lavoro (CNEL), designated by the President of the Republic.
Professor Onado satisfies the conditions laid down in Telecom Italia’s Self-Regulatory Code to
qualify as independent.
Born in Milan in 1940.
He began his career with various tasks in the Pirelli Group, which he left to join Metropolitana
Milanese as head of the Planning Department.
From 1980 onwards he ran a number of medium-sized firms in the manufacturing and property
sectors as general manager or managing director.
In the period 1986-93 he was managing director of Finanziaria Ernesto Breda S.p.A. and then,
up until 2001, chairman and managing director of Breda Costruzioni Ferroviarie S.p.A. In
addition, from 1996 to 1998 he was also chairman of Società Ferrovie Nord Milano S.p.A. and
Società Ferrovie Nord Milano Esercizio S.p.A.
From May 1998 to December 2000 Mr. Roth was also managing director of Ansaldo Trasporti
S.p.A. and set up the Transport Sector of Finmeccanica S.p.A.
In January 2001 he became chairman of the Milan Fair Foundation, which controls Fiera
Milano S.p.A. and Sviluppo Sistema Fiera.
He is chairman of CartaFacile S.p.A., deputy chairman of Cassa Depositi e Prestiti S.p.A. and a
director of IntesaBCI Gestione Crediti S.p.A., Banca BMB S.p.A. and Bocconi University in
Mr. Roth satisfies the conditions laid down in Telecom Italia’s Self-Regulatory Code to qualify
CMS’s RAI Version 2.0 Manual Appendix E APPENDIX E COMMONLY PRESCRIBED MEDICATIONS BY CATEGORY BY BRAND (GENERIC) Revised—June 2005 CMS’s RAI Version 2.0 Manual Appendix E Prescribed Medications by Category by Brand ANTIPSYCHOTICS ANTIDEPRESSANTS Brand Generic Brand Generic * Medications generally not recommended for use in the elderly
CAR001|2.1|0601 algoritmo Tachicardie ADULTI Informazioni su questo documento Cronistoria Avvertenza - Limitazioni d’impiego Il presente algoritmo può essere applicato solo dal personale medico L’utilizzo dell’algoritmo da parte del personale infemieristico è approvato per gli infermieri che hanno seguito il corso di formazione ed ottenuto il relativo attestato e l’auto