No está claro cuán grande es el papel de los antibióticos https://antibioticos-wiki.es en las relaciones competitivas entre los microorganismos en condiciones naturales. Zelman Waxman creía que este papel era mínimo, los antibióticos no se forman sino en culturas limpias en entornos ricos. Posteriormente, sin embargo, se descubrió que en muchos productos, la actividad de síntesis de antibióticos aumenta en presencia de otros tipos o productos específicos de su metabolismo.

Microsoft word - 英文.doc

國立臺北教育大學 96 學年度碩士班招生入學考試 請以 2B 鉛筆於答案卡上畫記作答,作答前請務必詳閱答案卡上之「畫記說明」
I. Vocabulary (每小題 2 分,共 20 分)
Please choose the option that is closest in meaning to the word underlined.
1. I noticed a peculiar grin on the face of my eleven-year-old boy as I kissed him goodbye. 3. I experienced a subtle itch in my undergarments. 4. They prefer having intimate conversations one-to-one. 5. They may be seen as inhibited and unsociable. 6. Successful comedy depends on impeccable timing. 7. Vivian will enroll in an associate degree program at the college in September. 8. Since you’ll have to get it done eventually, you might as well stop procrastinating and get started. 9. Mother found the waterbed conducive to a restful sleep. 10. The school is determined to eradicate plagiarism. II. Sentence Structures (每小題 2 分,共 20 分)
Please choose the option that can best complete the sentence.
11. At last, I my project. Now I can take a break. 12. During the experiment people to take breaks when they were tired. 13. Tim is having such a good time in Korea that he to extend his holiday and stay for another couple 14. After all tenants in the hallway, the building manager explained why he had called them 15. The driver of the car in front of us does not know ; he hesitates at each intersection. 16. To be sure, there would be scarcely no time left over for other things if school children _______ all sides of every matter on which they hold opinions. (A) would have been expected to consider (C) will be expected to have been considered 17. _________ that they are being accelerated by war. (A) Having examined the principal movements sweeping through the world (B) Examining the principal movements sweeping through the world can be seen (C) Seeing that examining the principal movements sweeping through the world (D) Examining the principal movements sweeping through the world, we can see 18. Ruttimann demands that any peasants who want a bridge agree to contribute most of the labor 19. New evidence shows that getting enough vitamin D may be the most important thing _______. 20. In the eastern part of Massachusetts ________, an important university town. (D) lies the city of Cambridge around there
III. Written Expression (每小題 2 分,共 20 分)
Please identify the underlined part that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct.
21. To my surprise, they managed to finish the construction work until Easter. 22. A red furniture looks good in my sister’s big two-story house. 23. Using to cold weather, he didn’t need to bundle up even during the winter. 24. I undated the file you gave me yesterday after the manager meeting. 25. The lenses of my glasses were all broken, so I had to buy new lenses immediately. 26. Each one of the dogs in the show require a special kind of diet. 27. By order of the Student Council, the wearing of jeans by we girls in school has been permitted. 28. The major difficulty confronting the authorities was the reluctance of the people to talk; they had been warned not to say nothing to the police. 29. We were already to leave for the amusement park when Jean’s car broke down; we were forced 30. She sang like she wished the people in the next county to hear her. IV. Reading Comprehension (每小題 2 分,共 40 分)
Please read the passages below. Each of the passages will be followed by several questions. Choose the
option that best answers each of these questions on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage.
In 1997 and 1998 unusual weather conditions existed around the world. For example, in the United States, Chicago and New York had very warm winters with almost no snow. At the same time, in the deserts of the American Southwest (places like New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, and Arizona), it rained more than usual. There were hurricanes in the Pacific Ocean, but not in the Atlantic, although there usually were. Down south in Australia, there was a drought. The lack of rain caused great hardship for the people. For instance, several wildfires Asia experienced difficult weather conditions too. The Yangtze River in China was so low that boats could not travel up the river in August and September. In South America, heavy rains caused landslides in Ecuador, Bolivia, and Nicaragua. Many people lost their homes, and others lost their lives. The years 1997 and 1998 were bad for many parts of the world. Moreover, scientists are predicting other serious changes. Hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean will be more disastrous. In the Pacific Northwest, the conditions will be good for the salmon in the Columbia River because of more rain. The rivers of China will be full, while South America may have drought Years of research mean that now scientists know more about weather cycles. The water in the oceans becomes warmer or cooler in cycles of years. We are now in a warming cycle. It began about 100 years ago, and it will probably continue for several centuries. Marine biologists and other scientists have been studying the coral reefs in the southern oceans. These scientists know that sea animals build the coral reefs near the shores of continents. Scientists study how coral grows. It grows more when water is warmer and less when water is cool. The scientists see a pattern in the growth of the coral. The pattern shows the temperature changes of the water. The coral reef is like reading a book about the history of the weather. Changes in the temperature of the water into the oceans cause changes in the weather and events around the world. 31. Changes in the weather and events around the world are often caused by 34. Riverboats could not travel up a river in 35. After 1998, conditions will be good for The beginning of the 20th century was a time of great change in education. Many psychologists and philosophers were discussing learning. They were observing children to understand them better. Because of their discussions, schools, teachers’ education, and curriculum all changed. One of these people was a Russian psychologist and educator. Like another psychologist, the Swiss philosopher Jean Piaget (1896-1980), Lev Vygotsky was interested in how children learn. Like Maria Montessori in Italy and Rudolf Steiner in Germany and Austria, he turned his ideas into action. Unlike Steiner and Montessori, however, he didn’t start any schools. Vygotsky and Piaget (pee-ah-ZHEY) did not always agree. According to Piaget, for example, a child developed first. Learning followed the development. In Vygotsky’s opinion, a child develops because of social interaction. The child, he said, learns everything twice. First the child copies what older and experienced people do and say. Then the child learns on an individual level, inside his or her head. A good relationship with an older person (like a parent or a teacher) helps the child learn quickly and well. Another of Vygotsky’s ideas is about when a child learns. Maria Montessori believed in a child’s “sensitive period.” During this time, she said, a child was ready to learn a particular skill. Steiner believed a child had to be ready to learn. To Vygotsky, this period is even more important. He said a child could learn only during this period. If a child did not learn during this period of time, the child would never learn the skill. For this reason, Vygotsky believed in education. Only human beings are born into history of learning. For centuries, people have been learning. A child must learn how to use the experience of the past. Hearing the stories is part of learning. Talking with other people (who know) makes the information real to a child. Vygotsky wrote about his ideas. He taught his students about his beliefs. Fortunately, his students saved his notes. Vygotsky died very young, at the age of 38. Even so, his ideas have been very important in the history of education. 38. Who believed in a “sensitive period” for learning a skill? 39. Who believed that development comes before learning? What you eat affects how your brain performs. Caffeine, for instance, is present in a great many things we consume, from soda to headache remedies. And caffeine is a significantly It is a stimulant that affects the brain much like stress does, even causing the release of a brain chemical called cortisol which has been tied to high stress levels. A caffeine stimulated brain is likely to perform well on routine tasks. But caffeine makes complex jobs like reading detailed
Allergies to some grain foods such as corn and wheat have been linked to hyperactivity in children and antisocial behavior in adults. Studies of the effects of controlled diets for selected groups of violent criminals among prison populations show that removing grain foods from their
diets can result in a marked modification of their behavior as well as significantly increasing their attention spans. Most of the information on the effects of dietary control as a treatment for hyperactivity in children is anecdotal, but the result, so far, also appears to be positive. Many other foods also affect the brain. Dairy products, for instance, encourage production of melatonin, a brain chemical that helps induce sleep. Simple sugars and fats cut the brain’s oxygen supply, increasing drowsiness and reducing alertness. Protein-packed foods such as meat and eggs, on the other hand, help produce an amino acid called tyrosine that boosts alertness.
One way to use this knowledge might be to serve only high-protein, low-carbohydrate snacks during an important meeting to keep participants alert. Or when traveling across time zones on business, eat dairy foods to help you sleep at unaccustomed hours. (A) controlling hyperactivity through diet. (B) how different foods affect brain performance. (C) the benefits of a high protein diet. (D) the affects of stimulants on brain performance. 42. In line 6, the word “routine” could best be replaced by 43. Where in the passage does the author discuss the benefits of caffeine stimulation? 44. To which of the following does the word “their” in line 10 refer? 45. According to the passage, the ingestion of grain products such as corn and wheat (A) may help to improve a person’s attention span. (B) is believed to mitigate against hyperactivity in children. (C) may adversely affect the behavior of some people. (D) is helpful in controlling the diets of violent criminals. 46. From lines 14-15, it can be inferred that (A) melatonin is a sleep inducing substance found in dairy products. (B) melatonin is a brain chemical found in dairy products. (C) a glass of milk before bedtime may help to induce sleep. (D) a cheese snack may help a drowsy driver to stay awake. (C) beneficial effects of dairy products. (D) beneficial products of high protein foods. (A) can be reduced by ingesting sugars and fats, and boosted by ingesting meat and eggs. (B) can be boosted by ingesting sugars and fats, and reduced by ingesting meat and eggs. (C) is enhanced by the hormone melatonin. 49. Which of the following would best replace the word “boosts” in line 17? 50. In line 18, the phrase “this knowledge” refers to

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Microsoft word - cuento142.doc

Selección de cuentos de ajedre Hac í a bastante tiempo, demasiado, que no pasaba por el parque Rivadavia. En una época, no hace mucho, se había convertido en una costumbre para mí recorrer los distintos puestos allí instalados en busca de libros de autoayuda y similares, los cuáles, por supuesto, conseguía a precios más que accesibles. Esta vez me interesaba uno de Bucay, por lo qu

Microsoft word - 16. subcutaneous infusion v1.3l.doc

___________________________________________________________________________ CLINICAL GUIDELINES for SUBCUTANEOUS INFUSION (HYPODERMOCLYSIS) Clinical Policy Folder Ref No: 16 APPROVED BY: Policy and Guideline Ratification Group (PGRG) Date of Issue: July 2010 Version No: 1.3 Date of review: May 2012 Author: Alison Griffiths. Matron District Nursing NHS South Glouces

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