Summary sheet of psychoactive drugs
A Brief Summary of Current Psychoactive Medications
(generally increase Serotonin and/or Norepinephrine)
Zoloft (sertraline) Lexapro (escitalopram oxalate)
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety
Disorder, Bulimia, Anorexia nervosa, Borderline PersonalityDisorder, Autistic Disorder, Alcoholism, Migraine headaches,Postpartum depression, PMS (Sarafem).
Dry mouth, sweating, headache, nausea, restlessness, irritation, sexualdysfunction, vomiting, loose stools, insomnia, agitation, anxiety, dizziness.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Panic Disorder, AnxietyDisorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, Migraine, bed-wetting,bulimia, and chronic pain.
Rapid heart beats, seizures, drowsiness, blurred vision, dry mouth, constipation,weight gain, dizziness, sweating, difficulty urinating, changes in sexual desire,muscle twinges, fatigue and weakness, other heart problems.
Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety, Panic Disorder, Phobias
Dizziness, headache, drowsiness, sleep disturbances, weakness and fatigue,
tremors, twitching,. Weight gain, Jitteriness, Skin rash, sweating, blurred vision. Severe diet and drug restrictions must be closely followed or lethal
consequences can occur.
Wellbutrin/Wellbutrin XL, Zyban (bupropion)
Ludiomil (maprotiline HCL [tetracyclic])
Mixed, but generally used only for depression. Zyban is used forsmoking cessation.
Nausea, constipation, agitation, insomnia, hypertension (Effexor), dizziness,drowsiness, priapism (trazodone products), sweating, dry mouth.
ANTIPSYCHOTICS / NEUROLEPTICS
(generally block Dopamine post-synaptic) (Atypicals underlined & in RED
Thorazine, Thor-Prom (chlorpromazine) Chlorpazine, Compra-Z, Comprazine, Contrazine, Ultrazine (prochlorperazine)Stelazine, Suprazine, Terfluzine, Trifurin (trifluoperazine)
Treatment of disorganized thinking and hallucinations.
Mania, anxiety due to TBI, psychotic depression, dementia, extremeagitation.
Tremors, muscle spasms, restlessness, twitches, dizziness, Neuroleptic malignantsyndrome (high fever, rapid heart rate, labored breathing sweating, rigidity - death)
Drugs sometimes used to control side effects:
ANTIANXIETY Sedative/Hypnotics (Benzodiazepines)
(generally increase # of times GABA receptor gates open)
Librium, Librax Libritabs (chlordiazepoxide)
Anxiety, Panic Disorder, Phobias, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder,PTSD.
Insomnia, Stop Seizures, Muscle Spasms, side effects of antipsychoticmedications.
Dependance and addiction, drowsiness, fatigue, confusion, mental slowing. Can be lethalwhen combined with alcohol. Birth defects if taken while pregnant.
Other non benzodiazepines drugs sometimes used as antianxiety sedatives:
MOOD STABILIZERS Antimanic medications
(limits sodium ion exchange across cell membranes of CNS)
Neurotin (gabapentin - potentiates GABA? )
Depakote (divalproex sodium - increases GABA)
Lithonate, Lithane, Lithobid, Eskalith, Eskalith CR (lithium carbonate)
Bipolar Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Mania, Depression (Lithium)
Anticonvulsants (Tegretol, Depakote, Lamictal, Neurotin, Topamax)
Lithium - drink lots of water and urinate frequently, weight gain, metal taste in mouth.
Requires frequent blood work or can become lethal.
Anticonvulsants - gastrointestinal problems, liver problems, dizziness, fatigue, hair loss.
For more information go to: www.mentalhealth.com and click on “Medications”
Thanks to Evan Crist, Psy.D. for his assistance in compiling and maintaining this list.
The following are regulations regarding administration of medications in the Wareham School System. No medications will be administered unless these guidelines are followed. Whenever possible, medications should be given at home with every effort made to avoid administration during school hours. PHYSICIAN-PARENT/GUARDIAN RESPONSIBILITY 1. A parent or guardian must bring the medication to the s
IR Spectroscopy Spectroscopy: Branch of science in which light or other electromagnetic radiation is resolved into its component wavelengths to produce spectra, which are graphs of intensity vs. wavelength or frequency of radiation. Current usage broadens this definition to include some methods that don’t involve electromagnetic radiation, such as mass spectroscopy (also called mass spectr