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Pharmacy
Terminology
Pharmacy
Technicians
Acknowledgments
Winnipeg Technical College and the Department of Labour and Immigration of Manitoba wish to express sincere appreciation to all contributors. Special acknowledgments are extended to the following individuals: Recognition of Prior Learning Coordinator, Winnipeg Technical College Grace Leduc, Curriculum Development, Winnipeg Technical College Diane Walker, Pharmacy Technician Instructor, Winnipeg Technical College Sharron Bettess, Pharmacy Technician Instructor, Winnipeg Technical College Funding for this project has been provided by The Citizenship and Multicultural Division, Manitoba Department of Labour and Immigration. Disclaimer
Statements and opinions in this document do not reflect those of Winnipeg Technical College or the project funder, Citizenship and Multicultural Division, Manitoba Department of Labour and Immigration. The information is gathered from a variety of sources and is current and accurate as of the revision date noted. This information is subject to change and will not be further updated. It is the responsibility of the reader to seek current statistics and information. Please contact the Winnipeg Technical College at 989-6500 or www.wtc.mb.ca if you have questions about the contents of this document Table of Contents
Introduction -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4 Drug names: Generic/Brand ----------------------------------------------------------------- 5 List of Drug Names ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7 Classify Drug Names/Treatment ---------------------------------------------------------- 12 Aseptic Technique ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 14 Mathematics in the Medical Profession ------------------------------------------------- 15 Word Parts-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 16 Diagnostic Suffixes --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 17 Diagnostic Suffixes: Multiple-choice ----------------------------------------------------- 19 Prefixes and Terminology------------------------------------------------------------------- 20 Prefixes Activities ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 22 Anatomy: Body Systems -------------------------------------------------------------------- 23 Cardiovascular------------------------------------------------------------------------ 24 Digestive Systems ------------------------------------------------------------------- 24 Endocrine System ------------------------------------------------------------------- 25 Female Reproductive System ---------------------------------------------------- 26 Lymphatic System ------------------------------------------------------------------- 26 Male Reproductive System -------------------------------------------------------- 27 Musculoskeletal System------------------------------------------------------------ 27 Nervous System---------------------------------------------------------------------- 28 Respiratory System------------------------------------------------------------------ 28 Skin and Sense Organs ------------------------------------------------------------ 29 Urinary System ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 29 Body Systems Matching Activity ---------------------------------------------------------- 31 Answer Keys ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 32 References ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 35 Introduction
To become a skilled pharmacy technician, you first need to learn the technical vocabulary (language) of the medical profession. The sections in this booklet introduce you to some of the basic terms of the medical language. Once you understand the language of pharmacists, you will be prepared to interpret and communicate information This guide mainly focuses on some of the essential terms in the medical profession, specifically for pharmacy technicians. Self-tests and answer keys have been included in this guide. The activities are meant to be completed after you have studied the corresponding unit. After you have read and understood the material, you can try the tests yourself. If you score below 80% on the self-tests, it is recommended that you go If you would like to study more in depth, there is a list of recommended books and Web A drug entity has several types of names. It can be expressed by its chemical name, its empirical formula, its generic name or one of its brand names. The chemical name and the empirical formula are useful to chemists, but are too confusing for most other people. Drugs are usually referred to by their common (generic) name or by the brand (trade) names assigned to them by the companies that make them. The following section will focus on generic and brand names of drugs. The generic name is owned by no person or company. An international naming organization assigns generic names based on criteria it has selected for naming drugs that belong to certain chemical families. A generic name is a common noun and should be spelled beginning with a lower case letter. An example of a generic name is acetaminophen.
Brand names are names given to the generic entity by the company that manufactures it -- often a "catchy" name that will help customers or physicians remember it or what it is used for. A generic entity may be sold by many companies and, therefore, may have many brand names. The brand name is proprietary, and no one but the company who registered it as a Trademark (denoted by the symbol ®) can use it. Brand names are always written starting with an upper case letter.
Shown below are some of the brand names for acetaminophen, and the companies that Brand Name
Manufacturer
Some drug manufacturers are known as "generic" drug houses because they do not innovate drugs, but copy them once the originator's patent has expired. They often don't bother giving catchy brand names to their products, but form a brand name from the generic name or a shortened version of it, combined with their company name. Brand Name
Generic Name
Manufacturer
Most drug generic names are actually two-part names: the active ingredient (drug) and an inactive part to which it is attached for better absorption or transport throughout the body. Except where it is important, the second part of the drug name is not included in There are thousands of drugs on the Canadian market. You are being asked to memorize the brand names for approximately 80 of the most common ones. It is
absolutely essential that you know these names and recognize when generic
substitutes are used. Your pharmacy preceptors on practicum will expect you to
know these, as will potential employers, who often quiz on drug names as part of
their interview process. A pharmacy technician cannot function properly without
knowing these names and being able to match them.
List of Drug Names
Note: This is an introductory list of drug names; it is not the full list.
List 1: Analgesics, Muscle Relaxants, Migraine Therapy, Anesthetic, Gout and
Gastrointestinal drugs.
Name Brand
Analgesic
Muscle relaxant
Migraine therapy
Anesthetic
Gastrointestinal
List 2 Antibiotic/Antibacterial, Antifungal and Antimalarial drugs.
Name Brand
Antibiotics/ Antibacterial
Antifungal
Antimalarial
hydroxychloroquine Apo-hydroxyquine, Plaquenil, generics Classify Drug Names/Treatment
Directions: First study the lists of drug names on the next page. Use the drug names
listed below and write the drug name in the correct category. (When you are finished,
Analgesics
Muscle Relaxants
Migraine Therapy
Anesthetic Gout
Gastrointestinal
Antibiotic/Antibacterial Antifungal
Antimalarial
Drug Names
• Clotrimazole,
azithromycin, Suprax, erythromycin base, Neosporin dimenhydrinate, Gravol, domperidone, Motilium
cyclobenzaprine, Flexeril, Novo-cycloprine, apo Cyclobenzaprine acetaminophen, Aspirin, morphine M.O.S, Morphitec, MS-IR Aseptic Technique
Admixture – The product that results from adding a drug to a parenteral solution for
Aseptic – Free of micro-organisms.
Aseptic technique – Procedures conducted under controlled conditions to minimize
the chance of contamination. The ability of personnel to manipulate sterile preparations, sterile packaging components and sterile administration devices in such a way to avoid the introduction of viable micro-organisms. Batch Preparation – Compounding of multiple units of the same item’ not for
Mathematics in the Medical Profession
As a pharmacy technician, you must be very exact. Therefore, excellent communication and mathematical skills are essential in this profession. As a pharmacy technician, you will also need to be familiar with Roman numerals, fractions, the metric systems, weights/measurement, ratio, proportion, per cent, mill equivalents and Latin abbreviations as well as with enlarging or reducing formulas. Try these math questions.
1 is to 8 as 6 is to x, the value of the unknown x is: In the proportion 2/5 = 7/x, the value of the unknown x is: If the physician writes a prescription that directs a patient to “Take 1 tablet 3 times daily for 7 days,” how many tablets would you dispense? The numereric equivalent of the Roman Numeral “viii” is__________. Twenty-five percent expressed as a ratio is _______________________. Word Parts
Word Root: The foundation of a medical term. (A word root usually refers to the part of the body condition that is being treated, studied or named by the term.) Combining Form: A combination of the word root and vowel. A vowel may be added to the end of the word root to make it easier to form medical words. Combining Vowel: Connects roots to suffixes and roots to other roots; the vowel is often Prefix: A word part added to the beginning of a word to change or add to its meaning. Example: Pre = before, e.g.,precancerous Suffix: A word part added to the end of a word to change or add to its meaning Abbreviation: A shortened form of a word, usually letters. HEMAT+O+LOGY = (Word Root + Combining Vowel + Suffix)
Diagnostic Suffixes
These suffixes describe disease conditions or their symptoms.
Noun Suffix
Terminology
-sclerosis
These adjective suffixes describe a part of the body, process or condition.
Adjective Suffix
Terminology
-al , -ar, -ary, –eal or -ic
The following suffixes describe procedures used in patient care.
Terminology
-centesis
-therapy
Diagnostic Suffixes: Multiple-choice
Which of the following suffixes describes a condition of pain? Which of the following suffixes refers to an inflammation? Which of the following suffixes refers to a flow or discharge? Which of the following suffixes is used to describe an enlargement? Which of the following suffixes refers to a blood condition? Prefixes and Terminology
Terminology
Re- or Retro-
Relapse, Retroperitoneal Prefixes Activities
A. Prefixes: Matching
B. Prefixes: Fill in the Blank
1. The prefix Meta- refers to a _______________. 2. A prefix describing something fast is _____________. 3. The prefixes Mal- and Dys- both describe something that is ________. 4. The prefix Poly- is used when there are _____________ of something. 5. When there are __________ of something, the prefix Bi- is used. 6. The prefix Hemi- refers to _________ of something. Anatomy: Body Systems
Resource Books
Kapit, Wynn and Lawrence M. Elson (2001) The Anatomy Coloring Book. Benjamin Cardiovascular System
Combining Form
Terminology
Arteriol/o Arteriole Arteriolitis Digestive System
Combining Form
Terminology
Cholecyst/o Gallbladder Cholecystectomy Looking back to the suffixes and prefixes section, define the following:
Angioplasty:_________________________________________________ Phlebotomy:_________________________________________________ Arteriolitis:__________________________________________________ Ileostomy:__________________________________________________ Gastralgia:__________________________________________________ 6.) Intravenous:_________________________________________________ Endocrine System
Combining Form
Terminology
Pancreat/o Pancreas Pancreatectomy Female Reproductive System
Combining Form
Terminology
Lymphatic System
Combining Form
Terminology
Looking back to the suffixes and prefixes section, define the following:
Thymoma:___________________________________________________ Hysterectomy:________________________________________________ Splenomegaly:_______________________________________________ Hypophyseal:________________________________________________ Adrenopathy:________________________________________________ Lymphoma:__________________________________________________ Male Reproductive System
Combining Form
Terminology
Musculoskeletal System
Combining Form
Terminology
Nervous System
Combining Form
Terminology
Looking back to the suffixes and prefixes section, define the following:
Myelodysplasia:_____________________________________________ Craniotomy:________________________________________________ Neuropathy:________________________________________________ Arthroscopy:________________________________________________ Medullary:__________________________________________________ 18.) Intervertebral:_______________________________________________ Respiratory System
Combining Form
Terminology
Bronchiol/o Bronchiole Bronchiolitis Epiglott/o Epiglottis Epiglottitis Skin and Sense Organs
Combining Form
Terminology
Skin Epidermis, Dermatology Urinary System
Combining Form
Terminology
Looking back to the suffixes and prefixes section, define the following:
Alveolar:___________________________________________________ Otitis:_____________________________________________________ Pyelogram:_________________________________________________ Bronchoscopy:______________________________________________ Rhinorrhea:_________________________________________________ Body Systems: Matching
Directions: In the space, write in the letter that matches the correct body system. A. Reproductive System
B. Respiratory System
C. Cardiovascular System
D. Musculoskeletal System
E. Nervous System
F. Urinary System
G. Digestive System
H. Endocrine System
J. Lymphatic System
1. The __is the major controlling, regulatory, and communicating system in the body
2. The ___acts through chemical messengers called hormones that influence growth,
3. The ___ system consists of bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons and muscle 4. The____ includes the heart and the blood vessels. The heart pumps blood, and the blood vessels channel and deliver it throughout the body. Arteries carry blood filled with nutrients away from the heart to all parts of the body. 5. The ____ works with the circulatory system to provide oxygen and to remove the 6. The ____returns excess interstitial fluid to the blood, absorbs fats and fat-soluble vitamins from the digestive system and is a defense against invading micro- 7. The _____produces egg and sperm cells. 8. ____ processes food into molecules that can be absorbed and utilized by the cells of 9. The principal function of the _____ is to maintain the volume and composition of 10. _______ is an organ, made up of multiple layers of epithelial tissues that guard
underlying muscles and organs.
Answer Key
Classifying Drug Names (page 12)
Web-Based Activity (page 14)
1.) Celexa, Prozac, Effexor XR, Paroxetine, Zoloft. 4.) Crestor, Lopid, Pravachol, Lipitor, Niaspan, Mathematics in the Medical Profession (page 16)
Diagnostic Suffixes: Multiple Choice (page 21)
Prefixes Activities (page 24)
A. Matching
B. Fill in the Blank
Body Systems: Matching (page 33)
Anatomy: Body Systems (page 26-31)
1.) Angioplasty: Surgical repair of a blood vessel. 2.) Phlebotomy: Incision of a vein. 3.) Arteriolitis: Inflammation of small arteries. 4.) Ileostomy: Opening of the ileum 6.) Intravenous: Existing or taking place within the veins. 7.) Thymoma: A tumour or mass within the thymus gland. 8.) Hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus. 9.) Splenomegaly: Enlargement of the spleen. 10.) Hypophyseal: Pertaining to the pituitary gland. 11.) Adrenopathy: A disease condition of the adrenal gland. 12.) Lymphoma: A tumour or mass within the lymph fluid. 13.) Myelodysplasia: A painful condition or disease of the bone marrow. 14.) Craniotomy: Incision of the skull. 15.) Neuropathy: A disease condition of the nerves. 16.) Arthroscopy: Process of visual examination of the joints. 17.) Medullary: Pertaining to the medulla oblongata. 18.) Intervertebral: Situated between vertebrae. 19.) Alveolar: Relating to an alveolus. 20.) Otitis: Inflammation of the ear(s). 21.) Pyelogram: A record of the renal pelvis. 22.) Bronchoscopy: Process of visual examination of the bronchial tube. 23.) Rhinorrhea: A flow or discharge from the nose. References
Atlas, Marie & Faris, Audrey. Aseptic Technique Training Manual for Pharmacy Personnel. [current edition], Pharmacy Tech Consultants, Caledon East, Ontario, Chabner, Dav-Ellen. (2005) Medical Terminology: A Short Course. 4th Edition. Elsevier

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